Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the lithium battery.
Q: Now, whether it is a mobile phone or other equipment, lithium batteries are generally used. How long will the lithium battery be charged for the first time to activate the lithium battery?
A: The maintenance of lithium batteries has always been a controversial issue on the Internet. There are indeed some rechargeable batteries that require similar "activation" work. This is the earlier nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery and nickel-metal hydride rechargeable battery. These batteries will produce a phenomenon known as the "memory effect". Charging in an incomplete discharge state will easily overcharge the battery. Over time, crystals will grow on the electrode plates, blocking the contact between the electrolyte and the electrode plates. Causing the battery's voltage to drop, making the user feel that the battery will be used up soon. So for both types of batteries, periodically (rather than every time) fully discharging and recharging the battery can mitigate the voltage drop caused by the above reasons.
However, most of the batteries used in our mobile phones and laptops are Li-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries can store a lot of energy despite their small size, so they are more and more widely used. Lithium-ion batteries do not need to be activated by deep charging and discharging at the beginning of use because the initialization and testing process of the battery is already completed when the battery is manufactured. Lithium-ion batteries also have no so-called "memory effect" and can be recharged at any time.  The suggestion that a full charge and discharge of a lithium-ion battery be periodically recharged is only for the purpose of calibrating the charge detection devices on laptops and some high-end smartphones, not for any benefit to the battery itself. For devices such as ordinary mobile phones and digital cameras that display the approximate battery level in segments, there is no need to fully charge and discharge them regularly.
What? Some mobile phone manuals also say so? You should know that the battery of a mobile phone is generally not manufactured by the manufacturer of the mobile phone. This kind of writing on the manual may be to remind the user to test whether there is any problem with the battery. In addition, since nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride batteries do need to be activated, this kind of writing on the manual may also be caused by copying the template.
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Cancer cells can "stretch out a big hand" and take away the mitochondria of immune cells. The Harvard Medical School research team cultured mouse and human breast cancer cells and immune cells, such as killer T cells, and used field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) to observe the relationship between cancer cells and immune cells. interactive. Interestingly, they found that cancer cells stick out long nanotubes, typically within 100-1000 nanometers in diameter, each of which connects to multiple immune cells along the way. The researchers used the drug L-778123, which inhibits the formation of nanotubes, for treatment. The higher the concentration of L-778123, the better the treatment effect.
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